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Short Light Wavelengths and Nano-applications Laboratory





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Quantum effects in Biomorphism and self assembly.



Under certain conditions, nano-aggregates of inorganic crystals precipitating in water solutions, are self-organized to form structures at the micro/ nano scale that remarkably resemble living micro organisms, like microfossils and leaves of plants. These structures are known as "BIOMORPHS".We demonstrated that precipitating biomorphs and scaling of CaCO3 in water flow surfaces, is the outcome of quantum interactions between quantum ensembles of molecular rotors of water that rotate coherently under the action of an external magnetic field.
Indeed, under external magnetic field, CaCO3 in water solution will precipitate as aragonite than calcite, (the crystallized state at zero external magnetic field), despite that the zero field ground electronic state of aragonite is placed higher than of calcite by 28 eV. Recent experimental and theoretical results begin to elucidate the process through the amplification of a vacuum state magnetic fluctuation, which can exchange its energy with the angular momentum of a single water molecular rotor for a short period of time. The system is thus driven to a new thermodynamic state of higher free energy than the state at zero magnetic field. In the present work, is indicated that the nanocrystalization of CaCO3 precipitants in water solution can probe the interactions between the electromagnetic field and the matter. At low external magnetic field, the formation of aragonite is taking place when a vacuum state electromagnetic mode is trapped, amplified and sustained in a coherent (collective) antisymmetric state, which is created by an ensemble of individual molecular rotors, which are excited coherently by the external magnetic field. The amplified magnetic mode will not decay to the ground symmetric state of the ensemble of water molecular rotors due to the forbidden nature of transition between the antisymmetric and the symmetric state that gives different flower like biomorpic structure. The ensemble of water molecular rotors is then driven to a higher free-energy state for a longer period of time, allowing thus the CaCO3 precipitants to be crystallized as aragonite. Furthermore, the existence of the coherent antisymmetric state, elucidate the memory effects observed previously in water solutions.

Relevant Publications

  1. Magnetic field trapping in coherent antisymmetric states of liquid water molecular rotors.
    A.C. Cefalas, E. Sarantopoulou, Z. Kollia, C. Riziotis, G. Drazic, S. Kobe, J. Strazisar and A. Meden,
    J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7, 1800 (2010).
    DOI: 10.1166/jctn.2010.1544

  2. Nanocrystallization of CaCO3 at solid/liquid interfaces in magnetic field: A quantum approach.
    A.C. Cefalas , S. Kobe, G. Drazic, E. Sarantopoulou, Z. Kollia, J. Strazisar and A. Medend,
    Appl. Surf. Sci. 254 (21), 6715 (2008).

    DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.04.056

  3. Control over nano-crystallization symmetry in turbulent flow in the presence of magnetic fields.
    S. Kobe, G. Drazic, E. Sarantopoulou and A. C. Cefalas.
    Mater. Sci. Eng. C. 23, 811 (2003).

  4. Nucleation and Crystallization of CaCO3 in Applied magnetic fields.
    S. Kobe, G. Drazic, M. Komelj, E. Sarantopoulou and A. C. Cefalas,
    Cryst. Eng. 5, 243 (2002).

Conference Presentations

  1. The role of quantum coherence in nanocrystallization and its industrial applications. (INVITED)
    A.C. Cefalas,
    7th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Conference (NanoTR VII), Istanbul, Turkey,
    27 June -1 July, 2011.

  2. The coherence as an inherent quantum state of nanoscale. (INVITED)
    A.C. Cefalas, E. Sarantopoulou and Z. Kollia,
    Co-nanomet, Modeling and simulation techniques for nanometrology, Sofia,
    Bulgaria, 29-30 October, 2010.

  3. Nanocrystalization of calcium carbonate in magnetic field.
    A. C. Cefalas, S. Kobe, E. Sarantopoulou, Z.Kollia, J.Stražišar and A. Meden,
    TNT 2006 Grenoble France, 4-8 September (2006).

  4. The quantum Theory of Nano-crystalization in the presence of Magnetic Fields.(INVITED)
    A. C. Cefalas, S. Kobe, E. Sarantopoulou and Z. Kollia. 13 th International conference of Materials and Technology, Porto-Ross Slovenia, 10-12 Oct. (2005).

  5. Subtle thermal effects of interaction of non-ionized radiation with DNA crystals: A quantum mechanical approach.(INVITED)
    A.C. Cefalas, E. Sarantopoylou and Z. Kollia,
    FGF-Workshopon. "Subtle Thermal Effects of RF-fields in vitro and in vivo" Stuttgart, Germany, 21-23 November (2005).

  6. Quantum Theory of Nanocrystallization of ionic crystals in the presence of magnetic fields.
    A. C. Cefalas, S. Kobe, E. Sarantopoulou and Z. Kollia,
    EMRS 2004, G-Current trends in nanoscience-from materials to applications,
    Strasbourg France, May 24-28 (2004).

  7. A practical and Theoretical study of the formation of CaCO3 in the presence of magnetic fields.(INVITED)
    S. Kobe, A. C. Cefalas, G. Drazic, E. Sarantopoulou, P. McGuiness, J. Strazisar and A. Meden,
    International Magnetic Conference (INTERMAG 2003) Boston MA, USA, 3 March-30 April (2003).

  8. Control over nanocrystalization symmetry in turbulent flow in the presence of magnetic fields.
    S. Kobe, G. Drazic, E. Sarantopoulou and A.C. Cefalas,
    EMRS-2003, Strasbourg, France, June 10-13, (2003).

  9. Nucleation and crystallization of CaCO3 in applied magnetic fields,
    S. Kobe, G. Drazic,, M. Komelj, E. Sarantopoulou and A. C. Cefalas,
    EMRS 2002, Strasbourg, France, 18-21 June (2002).




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